What is Municipal Court?
The Municipal Court is a local court created by state law, whose territory is confined to the community in which it is located. It is the lowest level of our justice system. Practice and procedures are governed by New Jersey Court Rules. The Municipal Court Judge is responsible for overseeing the administration of his or her Municipal Court. The Assignment Judge of the Superior Court is responsible for overseeing the administration of all of the Municipal Courts in the counties. Each municipality appoints its own Municipal Court Judge and other court personnel.
Above the Municipal Court is the Superior Court of New Jersey, which handles a variety of different types of matters ranging from personal injury cases to divorce and criminal matters. Above the Superior Court is the Appellate Division, which sits in review of the Courts below. Above the Appellate Division, we have the Supreme Court of New Jersey, and above the Supreme Court of New Jersey is the United States Supreme Court located in Washington, D.C.
Cases handled in Municipal Court include:
- Violations of motor vehicle and traffic laws (Title 39).
- Violation of fish and game laws, Parks and Forests, Weights and Measures, SPCA and Boating Regulations
- Violations of Municipal Ordinances or local town ordinances or local town laws.
- Petty disorderly persons’ offenses and other non-indictable offenses.
- Disorderly persons’ offenses (e.g. offenses against a person would include a simple assault or perhaps a fight, criminal mischief or criminal trespass, domestic violence and/or underage drinking;